Socrates, The Wisest?

Socrates, The Wisest?

In Plato’s APOLOGY, Socrates says:

“And here, O men of Athens, I must beg you not to interrupt me, even if I seem to say something extravagant. For the word which I will speak is not mine. I will refer you to a witness who is worthy of credit, and will tell you about my wisdom – whether I have any, and of what sort – and that witness shall be the god of Delphi. You must have known Chaerephon; he was early a friend of mine, and also a friend of yours, for he shared in the exile of the people, and returned with you. Well, Chaerephon, as you know, was very impetuous in all his doings, and he went to Delphi and boldly asked the oracle to tell him whether – as I was saying, I must beg you not to interrupt – he asked the oracle to tell him whether there was anyone wiser than I was, and the Pythian prophetess answered that there was no man wiser. Chaerephon is dead himself, but his brother, who is in court, will confirm the truth of this story. “

“Why do I mention this? Because I am going to explain to you why I have such an evil name. When I heard the answer, I said to myself, What can the god mean? And what is the interpretation of this riddle? For I know that I have no wisdom, small or great. What can he mean when he says that I am the wisest of men? And yet he is a god and cannot lie; that would be against his nature. After a long consideration, I at last thought of a method of trying the question. I reflected that if I could only find a man wiser than myself, then I might go to the god with a refutation in my hand. I should say to him, “Here is a man who is wiser than I am; but you said that I was the wisest.” Accordingly I went to one who had the reputation of wisdom, and observed to him – his name I need not mention; he was a politician whom I selected for examination – and the result was as follows: When I began to talk with him, I could not help thinking that he was not really wise, although he was thought wise by many, and wiser still by himself; and I went and tried to explain to him that he thought himself wise, but was not really wise; and the consequence was that he hated me, and his enmity was shared by several who were present and heard me. So I left him, saying to myself, as I went away: Well, although I do not suppose that either of us knows anything really beautiful and good, I am better off than he is – for he knows nothing, and thinks that he knows. I neither know nor think that I know. In this latter particular, then, I seem to have slightly the advantage of him. Then I went to another, who had still higher philosophical pretensions, and my conclusion was exactly the same. I made another enemy of him, and of many others besides him. “

“After this I went to one man after another, being not unconscious of the enmity which I provoked, and I lamented and feared this: but necessity was laid upon me – the word of God, I thought, ought to be considered first. And I said to myself, Go I must to all who appear to know, and find out the meaning of the oracle. And I swear to you, Athenians, by the dog I swear! – for I must tell you the truth – the result of my mission was just this: I found that the men most in repute were all but the most foolish; and that some inferior men were really wiser and better. I will tell you the tale of my wanderings and of the “Herculean” labors, as I may call them, which I endured only to find at last the oracle irrefutable. When I left the politicians, I went to the poets; tragic, dithyrambic, and all sorts. And there, I said to myself, you will be detected; now you will find out that you are more ignorant than they are. Accordingly, I took them some of the most elaborate passages in their own writings, and asked what was the meaning of them – thinking that they would teach me something. Will you believe me? I am almost ashamed to speak of this, but still I must say that there is hardly a person present who would not have talked better about their poetry than they did themselves. That showed me in an instant that not by wisdom do poets write poetry, but by a sort of genius and inspiration; they are like diviners or soothsayers who also say many fine things, but do not understand the meaning of them. And the poets appeared to me to be much in the same case; and I further observed that upon the strength of their poetry they believed themselves to be the wisest of men in other things in which they were not wise. So I departed, conceiving myself to be superior to them for the same reason that I was superior to the politicians.”

“At last I went to the artisans, for I was conscious that I knew nothing at all, as I may say, and I was sure that they knew many fine things; and in this I was not mistaken, for they did know many things of which I was ignorant, and in this they certainly were wiser than I was. But I observed that even the good artisans fell into the same error as the poets; because they were good workmen they thought that they also knew all sorts of high matters, and this defect in them overshadowed their wisdom – therefore I asked myself on behalf of the oracle, whether I would like to be as I was, neither having their knowledge nor their ignorance, or like them in both; and I made answer to myself and the oracle that I was better off as I was.”

“This investigation has led to my having many enemies of the worst and most dangerous kind, and has given occasion also to many calumnies, and I am called wise, for my hearers always imagine that I myself possess the wisdom which I find wanting in others: but the truth is, O men of Athens, that God only is wise; and in this oracle he means to say that the wisdom of men is little or nothing; he is not speaking of Socrates, he is only using my name as an illustration, as if he said, He, O men, is the wisest, who, like Socrates, knows that his wisdom is in truth worth nothing. And so I go my way, obedient to the god, and make inquisition into the wisdom of anyone, whether citizen or stranger, who appears to be wise; and if he is not wise, then in vindication of the oracle I show him that he is not wise; and this occupation quite absorbs me, and I have no time to give either to any public matter of interest or to any concern of my own, but I am in utter poverty by reason of my devotion to the god.”

 SO LIKE SOCRATES WE WILL START OUR JOURNEY FOR KNOWLEDGE KNOWING OUR WISDOM IS WORTH NOTHING.


IN HONOR OF THE GOVERNMENT SHUTDOWN

Words from Carl Sagan about accepting new and better ideas.

SOME WORDS FROM THE GREATEST

Albert Einstein

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Let me make one thing clear, polymaths are not superior. Polymaths are not necessarily geniuses. And geniuses are not necessarily polymaths.

In my life I have known many people who have earned my total respect. Some have talent, intelligence and dedication but have no desire to master (or even engage) in the wide spectrum of activities upon which polymaths thrive. They have a list of priorities and they excel at the things they deem important. I feel lucky to be associated with these people. I admire their focus. At times, I envy their unwavering drive to succeed at the things that bring them fulfillment.

There are exceptional polymaths but there are also polymaths that struggle each day with too many interests and too little time. Some polymaths will never be a master of any one thing just a student of many things. This can be frustrating and can make a “normal life” difficult.

But I believe that we are all individuals, born to fulfill our own destiny, born with an inherent set of personality traits. If we are lucky we find a way to express our own uniqueness.

So if you are born to be an aspiring polymath, own it. If you are born with focus and drive, be proud of it. In short be who you are!

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Merriam-Webster defines it as: “someone who knows a lot about many different things:  a person of encyclopedic learning”.

It is synonymous with being a Renaissance Person. Leonardo da Vinci, Isaac Newton, Michelangelo, Galileo GalileiNicolaus CopernicusFrancis Bacon and Michael Servetus were all polymaths.

So can you and I become polymaths? Maybe. We can endeavor to continue to learn, continue to educate ourselves in the many subjects that have classically been attributed to being a “Renaissance Person” and we can add modern skills and knowledge.

What are some of the things we should try to understand?

Philosophy;
Mathematics;
Physics;
Astronomy;
Languages;
History;
Cultures;
Geography;
Music;
Art;
Literature;
Biology;
Physiology;
Chemistry;
Psychology;
History;
Economics;
Politics;
and Sports.

There are also many more subjects in our modern world with which any person of intellect should become familiar (computer science, film, food, medicine and etc.).

I know that I will never master all of these subjects but I believe with a conscious effort, any of us can become familiar and knowledgeable (at least to some extent) in most.

We live in an exciting time, a time when knowledge is at our fingertips. It is as close as our computers, tablets and smart phones; all we need to do is use our time and our technology wisely.

In this blog I will attempt to find and share sources of education and knowledge. I hope that some of you will share in my excitement for learning. I hope some of you will share the sources you have discovered. And although most of us will never leave our armchairs, I hope that many of you will accompany me on this adventure, this quest for intellectual development.

In coming posts I hope to explore some of the great places online to obtain skills and knowledge. I hope to hold discussions on some of the great minds of the past and present. I hope share conversations that will stimulate our minds and our imaginations. I hope you will join me.

ARE YOU A POLYMATH?

Take the quiz at:

http://www.gotoquiz.com/are_you_a_polymath

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